Curriculum Vitae

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Curriculum Vitae

PETER DOUGLAS KILLWORTH

Born

Birmingham, England 27 March 1946. Married, two children

Degrees

B.A. Cambridge 1967

M.A. Cambridge 1971

Ph.D. Cambridge 1972 ("Numerical studies in Dynamical Oceanography")

Previous
positions

Postdoctoral research, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California (1972)

Research Associate, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, U.K., (1973 - 1980)

Senior Research Associate, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, U.K. (1980 - 1985)

Guest Lecturer, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Summer 1983

Principal Scientific Officer, Robert Hooke Institute, Oxford (1985-1990)

Individual Merit (Grade 6) Scientist, Robert Hooke Institute, Oxford (1990-1992)

Individual Merit (Grade 6) Scientist, NERC Oceanography Unit, Oxford (1992-1995)

Individual Merit (Grade 6, renamed 3(I)) Scientist, Southampton Oceanography Centre, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH (1995-1998)

Current
position

Individual Merit (2(I)) Scientist, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Empress Dock, Southampton SO14 3ZH (1998 - present).

Professor (Personal Chair), School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton (2001 - present).

Associate Fellow, Clare Hall College, Cambridge (1983 - )

Awards

Fellowship, American Geophysical Union (2000).

Fridtjof Nansen Medal, European Geophysical Society (2002).

Stommel Research Medal, American Meteorological Society (2008).

College positions

Research Fellow, Clare Hall College, Cambridge (1980 - 1983)

Research Fellow, Wolfson College, Oxford (1986 - 1990)

Fellow (Special Election), St. Cross College, Oxford (1990 - 1995).

Visiting
positions

1974 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

1975 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

1976 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

1977 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

1978 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

1979 May-June Anthropology Dept., Univ. of W. Va., Morgantown, U.S.A.

June-Aug Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Woods Hole, Mass.

Oct Institute fur Meereskunde, Kiel, W. Germany.

1980 July-Aug Anthropology Dept., Univ. of Fla, Gainesville, U.S.A.

1981 July Anthropology Dept., Univ. of Fla, Gainesville, U.S.A.

Oct Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst., Woods Hole, Mass.

1983 June-Aug Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Woods Hole, Mass.

1986 July Anthropology Dept., Univ. of Fla, Gainesville, U.S.A.

1988 June-Jul Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Woods Hole, Mass.

1989 July Anthropology Dept., Univ. of Fla, Gainesville, U.S.A.

1992 Aug. H. Burr Steinbach Visiting Fellow, M.I.T.-W.H.O.I. Joint Program.

1997 July Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Woods Hole, Mass.

Sept. Guest Lecturer, Cambridge GFD Summer School.

1998 Jan Guest Lecturer, Les Houches School on Parameterisation.

2002 Sept. Guest Lecturer, Earth System Science Summer School. University of East Anglia, Norwich.

2003 Sept. Guest Lecturer, Earth System Science Summer School. University of Reading.

2004 Sept. Guest Lecturer, Earth System Science Summer School. University of Reading.

2005 Jan. Guest Lecturer, Oslo Climate Group Distinguished Lecture series, Oslo.

Past
member of

SCOR Working Group 58 (Arctic Ocean Heat Budget)

SCOR Working Group 74 (General Circulation of the Southern Ocean)

MAFF Steering Group (AD) on deep-sea disposal of high level radioactive wastes

Scientific Liaison Subcommittee of British National Committee on Oceanic Research

Aquatic and Atmospheric Physical Sciences Research Grants and Training Awards Committee (AAPS)

Vice-Chairman, Committee for Climate Change in the Oceans (CCCO)

WOCE Core 2 Implementation Panel.

Arctic Climate System Study Steering Group (ACSYS).

BAS Special Topic (Sea-Ice and Climate interactions) Board.

WOCE Synthesis and Modelling Working Group.

British National Committee on Antarctic Research.

Member, International WOCE Scientific Steering Group, 1998-2002.

DTI Scientific Group on Decommissioning.

Associate Editor, Journal of Physical Oceanography. (1994-2000)

Member, Steering Group for NERC Environmental Systems Science Centre. (1995-2002)

Corresponding member, SCOR WG 107 (Improved Global Bathymetry) (1997-2002).

Special Adviser, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Research Assessment Exercise 2001.

Co-chair, International WOCE Scientific Steering Group, 1998-2002.

Advisor to Norsk Forskningsprogram "NoClim", 2001-2.

President, Ocean Modelling Subgroup, Challenger Society.

Member, UK Marine Information Committee Working Group on Operational Oceanography.

NERC e-Science moderating panel, 2001-2005.

Advisory panel, Imperial College Ocean Model, 2001-2005.

Current
activities

Editor, Ocean Modelling.

Member, SCOR WG 121 "Deep Ocean Mixing", 2002-.

Member, National Programme for Climate Modelling Committee.

WCRP Correspondent, Royal Society Global Environmental Research Committee (2001-).

Scientific Steering Committee, National Institute for Environmental eScience, Cambridge (2003-).

Guest Editor, CLIVAR Exchanges, July 2007.

Research
students
supervised

(Oceanography) Jennifer J. Bonsell (1989), Christopher Hughes (1992), Rebecca Woodgate (1994), Adrian Hines (1998), Paul Sherliker (2000), Chris Wilson (2000), Roberta Boscolo (temporary), Ulrike Riemenschneider (2004), Anna Pirani (2004), Jeremy Wilkinson (part-time, 2005), Riccardo Farneti (2005), Zoe Roberts, Doug McNeill, David Wilkinson.

(Anthropology) Gene Ann Shelley (1992), Christopher McCarty (1992).

Post-doctoral
workers supervised

Grant Bigg, Roxana Wajsowicz, Haydee Salmun, David Straub, Robb McDonald, Paul Emms, Neil Edwards, Mei-Man Lee, Jian-Guo Li, Andy Hogg.

Oceanographic publications

1973

Killworth, P. D. On the circulation of a homogeneous ocean induced by the presence of continental slopes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 3, 3-15.

Killworth, P. D. A two-dimensional model for the formation of Antarctic bottom water. Deep-Sea Research, 20, 941-971.

1974

Killworth, P. D. A baroclinic model of motions on Antarctic continental shelves. Deep-Sea Research, 21, 815-837.

1975

Killworth, P. D. and J. A. Johnson. A bottom current along the shelf break. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 5, 185-188.

1976

Killworth, P. D. The mixing and spreading phase of Medoc I. Progress in Oceanography, 7, 59-90.

Hart, J. E. and P. D. Killworth. On open-ocean baroclinic instability in the Arctic. Deep-Sea Research, 23, 637-645.

1977

Killworth, P. D. Some models of bottom water formation. In Polar Oceans, M. J. Dunbar, editor, pp 179-190. Arctic Institute of North America.

Anderson, D. L. T. and P. D. Killworth. Spin-up of a stratified ocean with topography. Deep-Sea Research, 24, 709-732.

Killworth, P. D. Mixing on the Weddell Sea continental slope. Deep-Sea Research, 24, 427-448.

1978

Carmack, E. C. and P. D. Killworth. Formation and interleaving of water masses off Wilkes Land, Antarctica. Deep-Sea Research, 25, 357-369.

Killworth, P. D. Coastal upwelling and Kelvin waves with small long-shore topography. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 8, 188-205.

1979

Killworth, P. D. and E. C. Carmack. A filling-box model of river-dominated lakes. Limnology and Oceanography, 24, 201-217.

Killworth, P. D. On 'chimney' formations in the ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 9, 531-554.

Killworth, P. D. A discussion of deep circulation processes. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 3, 275-281. (JOC/SCOR Helsinki conference Issue).

Killworth, P. D. On the propagation of stable baroclinic Rossby waves through a mean shear flow. Deep-Sea Research, 26, 997-1031.

Anderson, D. L. T. and P. D. Killworth. Nonlinear propagation of long internal Rossby waves. Deep-Sea Research, 26, 1033-1050.

Killworth, P. D. A note on velocity determination from hydrographic data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, 5093-5094.

1980

Killworth, P. D. Barotropic and baroclinic instability in rotating stratified fluids. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 4, 143-184.

Killworth, P. D. and P. C. Manins. A model of confined thermal convection driven by non-uniform heating from below. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 98, 587-607.

Killworth, P. D. On determination of absolute velocities and density gradients in the ocean from a single hydrographic section. Deep-Sea Research, 27A, 901-929.

1981

Killworth, P. D. Eddy fluxes and mean flow tendencies in open ocean baroclinic instability. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 5, 175-186.

Martinson, D. G., P. D. Killworth and A. L. Gordon. A convective model for the Weddell Polynya. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 11, 466-488.

Hignett, P., A. Ibbetson and P. D. Killworth. On rotating convection driven by non-uniform heating from below. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 109, 161-187.

1982

Killworth, P. D. and J. S. Turner. Plumes with time-varying buoyancy in a confined region. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 20, 265-291.

Griffiths, R. W., P. D. Killworth and M. E. Stern. Ageostrophic instability of ocean currents. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 117, 343-377.

Killworth, P. D. and M. E. Stern. Instabilities on density-driven boundary currents and fronts. Geophysical and Astrophysical fluid Dynamics, 22, 1-28.

Dickson, R. R., W. J. Gould, P. A. Gurbutt and P. D. Killworth. A seasonal signal in ocean currents to abyssal depths. Nature, 295, 193-198.

1983

Killworth, P. D. Deep convection in the world ocean. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, 21, 1-26.

Killworth, P. D. Absolute velocity calculations from single hydrographic sections. Deep-Sea Research, 30, 513-542.

Killworth, P. D. On the motion of isolated lenses on a beta-plane. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 13, 368-376.

Killworth, P. D. Long-wave instability of an isolated front. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 24, 235-258.

1984

Killworth, P. D. and J. M. Smith. A one-and-a-half dimensional model for the Arctic halocline. Deep-Sea Research, 31, 271-294.

Killworth, P. D. and J. M. Smith. Gradual instability of relaxation-extrapolation schemes. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 8, 185-213.

Killworth, P. D., N. Paldor and M. E. Stern. Wave propagation and growth on a surface front in a two-layer geostrophic current. Journal of Marine Research, 42, 761-785.

Killworth, P. D. Comment on 'The level-of-no-motion in an ideal fluid'. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 14, 213.

Davey, M. K. and P. D. Killworth. Isolated waves and eddies in a shallow water model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 14, 1047-1064.

1985

Killworth, P. D. and N. Paldor. A model of sea-ice front instabilities. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 90, 883-888.

Killworth, P. D. A two level wind and buoyancy-driven thermocline model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 15, 1414-1432.

Killworth, P. D. and M. E. McIntyre. Do Rossby-wave critical layers absorb, reflect or over-reflect? Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 161, 449-492.

1986

Killworth, P. D. On the propagation of isolated multilayer and continuously stratified eddies. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 16, 709-716.

Killworth, P. D. Ocean modelling in Cambridge. In: Current issues in climate research, eds. A. Ghazi and R. Fantechi. D. Reidel Publishing Co., 356pp.

Killworth, P. D. A Bernoulli inverse method for determining the ocean circulation. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 16, 2031-2051.

1987

Killworth, P. D. and M. K. Davey. Parameter regimes for studying isolated eddies. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 38, 225-264.

Killworth, P. D. A continuously stratified nonlinear ventilated thermocline. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 17, 1925-1943.

Paldor, N. and Killworth, P. D. Instabilities of a two-layer coupled front. Deep-Sea Research, 34, 1525-1539.

Mobbs, S. F., P. A. Gurbutt, M. D. Hill, J. G. Shepherd, and P. D. Killworth. Development of an ocean model for use in radiological assessments of sea disposal of solid radioactive wastes. In: Oceanic Processes in Marine Pollution, Vol. 2: Physico-chemical Processes and Waste in the ocean. Eds. T. P. O'Connor, W. V. Burt, and I. W. Duedall. Robert Krieger Publ. Co., Malibu, Florida, pp 81-98.

1988

Bigg, G. R. and P. D. Killworth. Conservative tracers and the ocean circulation. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. A, 325, 177-187.

Killworth, P. D. and G. R. Bigg. An intercomparison of inverse methods using an eddy resolving general circulation model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 18, 987-1008.

Paldor, N. and P. D. Killworth. Inertial trajectories on the rotating earth. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 45, 4013-4019.

1989

Killworth, P. D. How much of a coastal Kelvin wave gets over a ridge? Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19, 321-341.

Davey, M. K. and P. D. Killworth. Flows produced by discrete sources of buoyancy. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19, 1279-1290.

Killworth, P. D. Transmission of a two-layer coastal Kelvin wave over a ridge. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 19, 1131-1148.

Killworth, P. D. On the parameterisation of deep convection in ocean models. In: 'Aha Huliko'a Winter Workshop on Parameterisation of small-scale processes, ed. P. Muller, 59-74.

1990

Dewar, W. K. and P. D. Killworth. On the cylinder collapse problem, mixing and the merger of isolated eddies. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 20, 1563-1575.

1991

Scott, J. C. and P. D. Killworth. Upper ocean structures in the south-western Iceland Sea - a preliminary report. In: Deep Convection and Deep Water Formation, eds. P.C. Chu and J.-C. Gascard. Elsevier Science Publishers, pp 107-121.

Killworth, P. D., D. Stainforth, D. J. Webb, and S. Paterson. The development of a free surface Bryan-Cox-Semtner model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 21, 1333-1348.

Webb, D. J., P. D. Killworth, D. Beckles, B. A. de Cuevas, R. Offiler and M. Rowe. An eddy-resolving model of the Southern Ocean. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 72, 169-175.

Salmun, H., P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. A two-dimensional model of boundary mixing. Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 18447-18474.

Killworth, P. D. Cross-equatorial geostrophic adjustment. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 21, 1581-1601.

1992

Killworth, P. D. On hydraulic control in a stratified fluid. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 237, 605-626.

Killworth, P. D. The time-dependent collapse of a rotating fluid cylinder. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22, 390-397.

Killworth, P. D. Flow properties in rotating, stratified hydraulics. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22, 997-1017.

Killworth, P. D. An equivalent-barotropic mode in the Fine Resolution Antarctic Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 22, 1379-1387.

Stevens, D. P. and P. D. Killworth. The distribution of kinetic energy in the Southern Ocean: a comparison between observations and an Eddy resolving general circulation model. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B, 338, 251-257.

1993

Killworth, P. D. On the role of dissipation in inertial western boundary currents. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23, 539-553.

Killworth, P. D. and N. R. McDonald. Maximal reduced-gravity flux in rotating, stratified hydraulics. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 70, 31-40.

Straub, D. N., P. D. Killworth and M. Kawase. A simple model of mass-driven abyssal circulation over a general bottom topography. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23, 1454-1469.

1994

Killworth, P. D. and M. M. Nanneh. Isopycnal momentum budget of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in the Fine Resolution Antarctic Model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 1201-1223.

Killworth, P. D. On reduced-gravity flow through sills. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 75, 91-106.

Coward, A. C., P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. Tests of a two-grid world ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 22725-22735.

1995

Gray, J. M. N. T. and P. D. Killworth. Stability of the viscous plastic sea ice rheology. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 25, 971-978.

Dewar, W. K. and P. D. Killworth. On the stability of oceanic rings. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 25, 1467-1487.

Killworth, P. D. Hydraulic control and maximal flow in rotating stratified hydraulics. Deep-Sea Research, 42, 859-871.

Dewar, W. K. and P. D. Killworth. Do fast gravity waves interact with geostrophic motions? Deep-Sea Research, 42, 1063-1081.

Hughes, C. W. and P. D. Killworth. On the effects of bottom topography in the large-scale circulation of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 25, 2485-2497.

1996

Killworth, P. D. Time interpolation of forcing fields in ocean models. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 136-143.

Davis, R. E., P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. Comparison of ALACE and FRAM results in the South Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 855-884.

Woodgate, R. A. and P. D. Killworth. The problem of the barotropic mode in deriving pressure from density by using vertical normal modes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 3765-3768.

Willmott, A. J., N. R. Edwards and P. D. Killworth. Abyssal circulation in a circumpolar basin driven by discrete sources of buoyancy. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 49-64.

Gray, J.M.N.T. and P. D. Killworth. Sea ice ridging schemes. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 26, 2420-2428.

Killworth, P. D., E. C. Carmack, R. Weiss and R. Matear. Modelling Deep Water Renewal in Lake Baikal. Limnology and Oceanography, 41, 1521-1538.

1997

Woodgate, R.A. and P. D. Killworth. The effects of assimilation on the physics of an ocean model. Part 1: Theoretical model and barotropic results. J. Atmos. and Ocean. Techn., 14, 897-909.

Gray, J. M. N. T. and P. D. Killworth. Reply (to J.K. Dukowicz) .Journal of Physical Oceanography, 27, 482-483.

Killworth, P. D., J. R. Blundell and W. K. Dewar. Primitive-equation instability of wide oceanic rings. I. Linear theory. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 941-962.

Killworth, P. D., Chelton, D. B. and de Szoeke, R. A. The speed of observed and theoretical long extra-tropical planetary waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 1946-1966.

Killworth, P. D. On the parameterisation of eddy transfer. Part I: Theory. J. Mar. Res., 55, 1171-1197.

1998

Edwards, N. R., Willmott, A. J. and P. D. Killworth. On the role of topography and wind stress on the stability of the thermohaline circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 28, 756-778.

Charnock, H. and P. D. Killworth. The geostrophic velocity field in shallow water over topography. Continental Shelf Research, 18, 115-118.

Killworth, P. D. On the parameterisation of eddy transfer. Part II: Tests with a channel model. J. Mar. Res., 56, 349-374.

Grimshaw, R. H. J., Willmott, A. J., and P. D. Killworth. Energetics of linear geostrophic adjustment in stratified rotating fluids. J. Mar. Res., 56, 1203-1224.

1999

Killworth, P. D. and N.R. Edwards. A turbulent bottom boundary layer code for use in numerical ocean models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1221-1238.

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. The effect of bottom topography on the speed of long extra-tropical planetary waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 2689-2710.

Killworth, P. D. Relaxation towards observations in level and isopycnic models. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 16, 983-986.

Dewar, W. K., Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Primitive-equation instability of wide oceanic rings. II. Numerical studies of ring stability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 1744-1758.

Sun, S., R. Bleck, C. Rooth, J. Dukowicz, E. Chassignet and P. D. Killworth. Inclusion of thermobaricity in isopycnic-coordinate ocean models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 2719-2729.

2000

Killworth P. D., D. A. Smeed and A. G. Nurser. The effects on ocean models of relaxation towards observations at the surface. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 160-174.

2001

Killworth, P. D. Boundary conditions on quasi-Stokes velocities in parameterisations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1132-1155.

Killworth, P. D., C. Dieterich, C. Le Provost, A. Oschlies, and J. Willebrand. Assimilation of altimetric data into an eddy-permitting model of the North Atlantic. Prog. Oceanogr., 48, 313-335.

Willebrand, J., B. Barnier, C. Böning, C. Dieterich, P. D. Killworth, C. Le Provost, Y. Jia, J. M. Molines and A. New. Circulation characteristics in three eddy-permitting models of the North Atlantic. Prog. Oceanogr., 48, 123-161.

Hines, A. and P. D. Killworth. Assimilation of hydrographic data in a coarse resolution ocean model. J. Atm. Ocean Tech., 18, 1503-1520.

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Large-scale propagating disturbances: approximation by vertical normal modes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 2852-2870.

Killworth, P. D. Parameterisation of eddies in coarse resolution models. 'Aha Huliko'a Hawaiian Winter Workshop 2001, 17-28.

Killworth, P. D. On the rate of descent of outflows. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 22267-22275.

Killworth, P. D. Rossby Waves. In: Steele, J. H., S. A. Thorpe, and K. K. Turekian, eds. Encyclopaedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, 2434-2443.

2002

Killworth, P. D. and C. W. Hughes. The Antarctic Circumpolar Current as a free equivalent-barotropic jet. J. Mar. Res., 60, 19-45.

2003

Li, J.-G., P. D. Killworth and D. A. Smeed. Response of an eddy-permitting ocean model to the assimilation of sparse in situ data. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2001JC001033.

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Long extra-tropical planetary wave propagation in the presence of slowly varying mean flow and bottom topography. I: the local problem. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 784-801.

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Long extra-tropical planetary wave propagation in the presence of slowly varying mean flow and bottom topography. II: ray propagation and comparison with observations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 802-821.

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Response to 'Comments on "The effect of bottom topography on the speed of long extra-tropical planetary waves' by Rémi Tailleux'. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1542-1547.

Killworth, P. D., J.-G. Li, and D. A. Smeed. On the efficiency of statistical assimilation techniques in the presence of model and data error. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2001JC000968.

Hogg, A. McC., W. K. Dewar, P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. A quasi-geostrophic coupled model: Q-GCM. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 2261-2278.

Killworth, P. D. Inclusion of the bottom boundary layer in ocean models. In: 'Aha Huliko'a Winter Workshop on Near Boundary Processes and their Parameterization, ed. P. Muller.

2004

Hogg, A Mc.C. and P. D. Killworth. Continuously stratified exchange flow through a contraction in a channel. J. Fluid. Mechanics, 499, 257-276.

Killworth, P. D. Comment on "Oceanic Rossby waves acting as a 'Hay Rake' for ecosystem floating by-products". Science, 16 April 2004; 304; 390 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1094870] (in Technical Comments).

Killworth, P. D., Cipollini, P., B. M. Uz and J. R. Blundell. Physical and biological mechanisms for planetary waves observed in sea-surface chlorophyll. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C07002, doi:10.1029/2003JC001768.

Killworth, P. D., and J. R. Blundell. The dispersion relation for planetary waves in the presence of mean flow and topography: I. Analytical theory and one-dimensional examples. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 2692-2711.

2005

Hogg, A. McC., P. D Killworth, J. R. Blundell, and W. K. Dewar. On the mechanisms of decadal variability of the wind-driven ocean circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 512-531.

Farneti, R. and P. D. Killworth. On the use of energy balance models with an underlying ocean. Tellus, 57A, 742-757.

Killworth, P. D. Parameterisation of eddy effects on mixed layers and tracer transport: a linearised eddy perspective. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 1717-1725.

Killworth, P. D., and J. R. Blundell. The dispersion relation for planetary waves in the presence of mean flow and topography: II. Two-dimensional examples and global results. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35, 2110-2133.

Riemenschneider, U., D. A. Smeed and P. D. Killworth. Theory of two-layer hydraulic exchange flows with rotation. J. Fluid Mech., 545, 373-395.

Alderson, S. G. and P. D. Killworth. A pre-operational scheme for calculating sea surface height by Bernoulli inverse of ARGO float data in the North Atlantic. J. Atm. Ocean Tech., 22, 1416-1422.

2006

West, L. J., P. D. Killworth, V. C. Cornell and P. G. Challenor. Remote visualisation of Labrador convection in large oceanic datasets. Atmospheric Science Letters, 6, 198-203.

Hogg, A. McC., W. K. Dewar, P. D. Killworth, and J. R. Blundell. Decadal variability of the midlatitude climate system driven by the ocean circulation. J. Climate, 19, 1149-1166.

2007

Killworth, P. D. and J. R. Blundell. Planetary wave response to surface forcing and to instability in the presence of mean flow and topography. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 1297 - 1320.

Hirschi, J., P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. Subannual, seasonal and interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 1246-1265.

Maharaj, A. M., P. Cipollini, N. J. Holbrook, P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. An evaluation of extended Rossby wave theory in explaining spectral estimates of the first few baroclinic modes in the South Pacific Ocean. Ocean Dyn., 10.1007/s10236-006-0099-5.

Killworth, P. D. A simple linear model of the depth-dependence of the wind-driven variability of the Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., in press.

Soufflet, Y., Killworth, P.D., Pain, C.C., Piggott, M.D., Mindel, J., Hanert, E. Moving Mesh Methods for Ocean Modelling, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, submitted.

Killworth, P. D. Estimating bolus velocities from data - how large must they be? J. Phys. Oceanogr., submitted.

In preparation

Alderson, S. G., P. D. Killworth, et al. Applying the Bernoulli method to invert ARGO float data.

Piggott, M. D., C. C. Pain, G. J. Gorman, D. P. Marshall, and P. D. Killworth. Unstructured adaptive meshes for ocean modeling. Submitted to American Geophysical Union published monograph.

Hogg, A. McC., W. K. Dewar, P. D. Killworth and J. R. Blundell. Low frequency ocean variability: feedbacks between eddies and the mean flow. To be submitted.

Killworth, P. D. and A. G. Nurser. Towards a non-local eddy bolus parameterisation.

Hirschi, J., P. D. Killworth, J. R. Blundell, and D. Cromwell. Sea surface height signals as indicators for oceanic meridional mass transports.

Pain, C. C., H. Liu, M. D. Piggott, G. G. Gorman, M. R. Wells, A. J. Mitchell, A. S. Candy, D. Ham, P. A. Allison, F. Fang, S. Kramer, P. D. Killworth, A. J. H. Goddard, D. P. Marshall. Implicit free surface methods for global ocean modelling using an arbitrary coordinate system and an unstructured mesh.

Oceanography Manuscripts in Unrefereed Journals

1977

Killworth, P. D. and D. L. T. Anderson. Meaningless modes? Mode Hot-Line News, No 72.

Killworth, P. D. and D. L. T. Anderson. Some thoughts on eddy generation. Mode Hot-Line News, No 73.

Killworth, P. D. and D. L. T. Anderson. Horizontal and vertical fits to MODE-type data. Mode Hot-Line News, No 78.

1978

Killworth, P. D. Layer and level models - a discussion. Ocean Modelling, 9.

1979

Killworth, P. D. Rotating annulus convection and f-plane thermoclines. 1979 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Vol. 1, 167-168.

Killworth, P. D. Theoretical models of deep water formation. 1979 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Vol. 1, 183-186.

Killworth, P. D. The Arctic Ocean heat budget. (as part of SCOR WG 58).

Carmack, E. C. and P. D. Killworth. Observations on the dispersal of saline groundwater in the Beaver Creek diversion system, 1976-1979. Syncrude Environmental Research Monograph 1979-2, 83 pp.

1980

Killworth, P. D. Determination of absolute velocities from a single hydrographic section. Ocean Modelling, 29.

1982

Killworth, P. D. and E. C. Carmack. Arctic ocean modelling. Report by Comité Arctique and SCOR WG 58 meeting, Cambridge, June 1982.

1983

Killworth, P. D. Some thoughts on the thermocline problem. Ocean Modelling, 48.

Killworth, P. D. Lecture notes, GFD Summer School, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass., U.S.A.

1984

Killworth, P. D., J. M. Smith and A. E. Gill. Speeding up ocean circulation models. Ocean Modelling, 56.

Killworth, P. D. A note on smoothing techniques for leapfrog time-integration schemes. Ocean Modelling, 60.

1985

Killworth, P. D. NATO Advanced research Workshop: Water Mass Formation in the Upper Ocean (proceedings).

1986

Killworth, P. D. A note on Van Heijst and Smeed. Ocean Modelling, 69.

1987

Killworth, P. D. and M.A. Rowe. FRAM - The Fine Resolution Antarctic Model. Ocean Modelling, 74

Killworth, P. D. Topographic instabilities in level model OGCMs. Ocean Modelling, 75.

Killworth, P. D. Editorial (Adrian Edmund Gill, 1937-1986). Journal of Physical Oceanography, 17, i-ii.

1988

Killworth, P. D. A GCM puzzle for the experts. Ocean Modelling, 80.

Killworth, P. D. Audiovisual cassette tape, Open University Oceanography course.

1989

Killworth, P. D., D. Stainforth, D. J. Webb, and S. Paterson. A free surface Bryan-Cox-Semtner model. IOSDL Internal Report, No. 270, 170pp.

1990

Killworth, P. D. Potential vorticity and the Antarctic. FRAM News, Mar. 1990

Killworth, P. D. Appearance in Open University "Oceanography" TV programme.

Killworth, P. D. Ocean Modelling in Britain. Ocean Challenge, No. 2.

Webb, D. J., B. A. de Cuevas, P. D. Killworth, and M. Rowe. Initial results from a fine resolution model of the Southern Ocean. IOSDL Internal Report, No. 293, 14 pp.

1991

Killworth, P. D. On refereeing times. Ocean Modelling, no. 91.

Killworth, P. D. Mean and eddy features in FRAM. FRAM News, May 1991.

Wilson, T. R. S., M. Angel, A. S. Laughton and P. D. Killworth. Deep Ocean Disposal of Carbon Dioxide. Report to British Coal, IOSDL Internal Report.

Webb, D. J., P. D. Killworth, A. Coward, and S. Thompson. The FRAM Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Natural Environment Research Council, Swindon, U.K.

Allen, M. R., M. K. Davey, D. L. T. Anderson and P. D. Killworth. Empirical parameterisation of tropical ocean-atmosphere coupling. Climate Research Technical Note 22, Hadley Centre, Met. Office, Bracknell.

1992

Killworth, P. D. and others. Deep-Sea Disposal of pollutants. Report to Technomare, IOSDL.

1993

Woodgate, R. A. and P. D. Killworth. Can we derive pressure from density using normal modes? Ocean Modelling, no. 100.

Killworth, P. D. Polar Oceanography. (Report on papers presented at UK Oceanography 92). Ocean Challenge, 3, p. 20.

Killworth, P. D. and P. Challenor. Statistical analysis of the Rennell Group structure. IOSDL internal memo.

1994

Killworth, P. D., K. Döös and S. R. Thompson. Parameterisation versus Resolution: A review. IOSDL Internal Document; a report to the Hadley Centre, UK.

ACSYS Scientific Steering Group. Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS) Initial Implementation Plan. World Climate Research Project WCRP-85, WMO/TD-No. 627.

1995

Döös, K., S. R. Thompson and P. D. Killworth. Sub-grid parameterisation for ocean models. Report to D.o.E, 10 pp.

Döös, K., S. R. Thompson and P. D. Killworth. Sub-grid parameterisation for ocean models and the effects of resolution. Report to Met. Office.

Killworth, P. D. OCCAM: the Ocean Circulation and Climate Advanced Modelling Project. International WOCE newsletter, No. 18, pp. 20-22, February 1995.

1996

Scientific Group on Decommissioning Offshore Structures - First Report. April 1996. (Multiple authors, J.H. Shepherd Chairman), 76 pp. Natural Environment Research Council.

Litchfield, G. (input from P. D. Killworth) Fire and Ice. Economist, 26 October.

Killworth, P. and J. Blundell. Comparison of ALACE floats and FRAM in the South Atlantic. pp.24-25 in, Understanding ocean circulation: UK WOCE: the first six years..., [ed. R.T.Pollard & D. Smythe-Wright] . Southampton: Southampton Oceanography Centre. 32pp.

Stevens, D. P. and P. Killworth. Eddy energy from models and observations. p.28 in, Understanding ocean circulation: UK WOCE: the first six years..., [ed. R.T.Pollard & D. Smythe-Wright] . Southampton: Southampton Oceanography Centre. 32pp.

1997

Final Scientific Report, DYNAMO EC project. (Multiple authors)

Killworth, P. D. and N. R. Edwards. A turbulent bottom boundary layer code for use in numerical ocean models (extended abstract). Ocean Modelling, No. 114, unpublished ms.

1998

Killworth, P. D. Eddy parameterisation in large scale flows. pp. 253-268 in 'Ocean Modeling and Parameterization', eds. E. Chassignet and J. Verron, Kluwer.

Scientific Group on Decommissioning Offshore Structures - Second Report. May 1998 (Multiple authors, J.H. Shepherd Chairman), 76 pp. Natural Environment Research Council.

Killworth, P. D. 'Something stirs in the deep'. Nature, News and Views, 396, 720-721.

1999

Contribution to "The Living World", Radio 4, 1 March.

2000

Contribution to 2001 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report.

Killworth, P. D., Alderson S. G. and Nurser., A. G. Final report, agreement FS2/2040/12: Numerical modelling of dense and bottom outflows.

Nurser, A. G., P. D. Killworth and S. G. Alderson. A new approach to the sigma-coordinate pressure gradient problem in a terrain-following bottom boundary layer model. International WOCE Newsletter, 39, 34-36.

2002

Böning, C. and P. D. Killworth. Developments and issues in ocean climate modelling. Final WOCE report to World Climate Research Programme, Hobart, Australia, in "Report of the twenty-third session of the Joint Scientific Committee", WMO/TD-No. 1137, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Wood, R. A. and P. D. Killworth. Has WOCE helped deliver ocean models suitable for predicting climate change? International WOCE Newsletter, No. 43, 10-14.

SCOR 107 (Summerhayes, C. P. et al.) Improved Global Bathymetry - Final report of SCOR Working Group 107. IOC Technical Series No. 63, UNESCO 2002 (English), 127 pp.

2003

Hogg, A. McC., J. R. Blundell, W. K. Dewar and P. D. Killworth. Formulation and users' guide for Q-GCM. SOC Internal Document, No. 88.

Killworth, P. D. Some physical and numerical details of frictional geostrophic models. SOC internal report, No. 90.

Social Network Publications

1973

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. On the social structure of an ocean-going research vessel and other important things. Social Science Research, 2, 145-184.

1974

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Catij: a new sociometric and its application to a prison living unit. Human Organisation, 33, 335-350.

Killworth, P. D. Intransitivity in the structure of small closed groups. Social Science Research, 3, 1-23.

1975

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Scientists and crew: a case study in communications at sea. Maritime Studies and Management, 2, 112-125.

1976

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. A model of human group dynamics. Social Science Research, 5, 173-224.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Communications network analysis. Advisor, 10, 2-79.

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. Informant accuracy in social network data. Human Organisation, 35, 269-286.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Scientists and mariners at sea. Marine Technology Society Journal, 10, 21-30.

1977

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. Informant accuracy in social network data II. Human Communication Research, 4, 3-18.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Scientists as others see them. Ocean Development and International Law Journal, 4, 261-278.

1978

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. The reverse small-world experiment. Social Networks, 1, 159-192.

1979

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. Deterministic models of social networks. In: Perspectives on Social Network Research, eds., P Holland and S Leinhardt, pp 165-186. Academic Press, New York.

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. Informant accuracy in social network data III: a comparison of triadic structure in behavioral and cognitive data. Social Networks, 2, 19-46.

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. A pseudomodel of the small-world problem. Social Forces, 58, 477-505.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. A review of the small-world literature. Sociological Symposia, 28, 87-100.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Why are there no social physics? Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society, 11, 33-58.

1980

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth and L. D. Sailer. Informant accuracy in social network data IV: a comparison of clique-level structure in behavioural and cognitive network data. Social Networks, 2, 191-218.

1981

Killworth, P. D. Small worlds, reverse small worlds, and their role in social structure. In: Modelle fur Ausbreitungsprozesse in sozialen Strukturen, eds H. J. Hummell and W. Sodeur, Sozialwissenschaftlische Kooperative, Duisburg.

Killworth, P. D., H. R. Bernard and L. D. Sailer. A review of informant accuracy in social network data. In: Modelle fur Ausbreitungsprozesse in sozialen strukturen, eds H J Hummell and W Sodeur, Sozialwissenschaftlische Kooperative, Duisburg.

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth and L. D. Sailer. A note on inferences regarding network subgroups: response to Burt and Bittner. Social Networks, 3, 89-92.

1982

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth and L. D. Sailer. Informant accuracy in social network data V. An experimental attempt to predict actual communication from recall data. Social Science Research, 11, 30-66.

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth and C. McCarty. INDEX: an informant-defined experiment in social structure. Social Forces, 61, 99-133.

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. A technique for comparing mental maps. Social Networks, 3, 307-312.

1984

Killworth, P. D., H. R. Bernard and C. McCarty. Measuring patterns of acquaintanceship. Current Anthropology, 25, 381-397.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Comments on 'Baseline models of sociological phenomena' by Bruce H. Mayhew. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 9, 295.

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth, D. Kronenfeld and L.D. Sailer. The problem of informant accuracy: the validity of retrospective data. Annual Review of Anthropology, 13, 495-517.

1987

Bernard, H. R., G. A. Shelley and P. D. Killworth. How much of a network does the GSS and RSW dredge up? Social Networks, 9, 49-61.

1988

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth, M. J. Evans, C. McCarty and G. A. Shelley. Studying social relations cross-culturally. Ethnology, 27, 155-179.

1989

Bernard, H. R., E. C. Johnsen, Killworth, P. D., and S. Robinson. Estimating the Size of an Average Personal Network and of an Event Subpopulation. pp. 159-175 in: The Small World, ed. M Kochen, Ablex, Norwood N.J., 382pp.

1990

Bernard, H. R., E. C. Johnsen, P. D. Killworth, C. McCarty, S. Robinson and G. A. Shelley. Comparing four different methods for measuring personal social networks. Social Networks, 12, 179-215.

Killworth, P. D., E. C. Johnsen, H. R. Bernard, G. A. Shelley and C. McCarty. Estimating the size of personal networks. Social Networks, 12, 289-312.

Shelley, G. A., H. R. Bernard and P. D. Killworth. Information flow in social networks. Journal of Quantitative Anthropology, 2, 201-225.

1991

Bernard, H. R., E. C. Johnsen, P. D. Killworth and S. Robinson. Estimating the size of an average personal network and of an event subpopulation: some empirical results. Social Science Research, 20, 109-121.

1993

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Sampling in Time Allocation research. Ethnology, 32, 207-215.

1995

Johnsen, E. C., H. R. Bernard, P. D. Killworth, G. A. Shelley and C. McCarty. A social network approach to corroborating the number of AIDS/HIV+ victims in the U.S. Social Networks, 17, 167-187.

Shelley, G. A., H. R. Bernard, P. D. Killworth, E. C. Johnsen, and C. McCarty. Who knows your HIV status? What HIV+ patients and their network members know about each other. Social Networks, 17, 189-217.

1997

McCarty, C., H. R. Bernard, E. C. Johnsen, P. D. Killworth and G. A. Shelley. Eliciting representative samples of personal networks. Social Networks, 19, 303-323.

H. R. Bernard and P. D. Killworth. The search for social physics. Keynote address to the XVIIth Annual International Sunbelt Social Network Conference, San Diego, USA. Connections, 20, Bulletin of the International Network for Social Network Analysis, No. 1, pp 16-34.

1998

Killworth, P. D., E. C. Johnsen, C. McCarty, G. A. Shelley, and H. R. Bernard. A social network approach to estimating seroprevalence in the United States. Social Networks, 20, 23-50.

Killworth, P. D., C. McCarty, H. R. Bernard, G. A. Shelley, and E. C. Johnsen. Estimation of seroprevalence, rape and homelessness in the U.S. using a social network approach. Evaluation Review, 22, 289-308.

2001

McCarty, C., P. D. Killworth, H. R. Bernard, E. Johnsen, and G. A. Shelley. Comparing Two Methods for Estimating Network Size. Human Organization, 60, 28-39.

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth, E. C. Johnsen, G. A. Shelley, and C. McCarty. Estimating the ripple effect of a disaster. Connections, 24, 18-22.

2003

Killworth, P. D., C. McCarty, H. R. Bernard, E. C. Johnsen, J. Domini, and G. A. Shelley. Two interpretations of reports of knowledge of subpopulation sizes. Social Networks, 25, 141-160.

2004

Lang, H., P. Challenor and P. D. Killworth. A new addition to the family of space sampling methods: sampling of farms and similar objects. Field Methods, 16, 55-69.

2006

Killworth, P. D., C. McCarty, H. R. Bernard and M. House. The accuracy of small world chains in social networks. Social Networks, 28, 85-96.

Kadushin, C., P. D. Killworth, H. Russell Bernard, and A. Beveridge. Scale-up methods as applied to estimates of heroin use. Journal of Drug Issues, 36, 417-440..

Killworth, P. D., C. McCarty, E. C. Johnsen, H. R. Bernard and G. A. Shelley. Investigating the variation of personal network size under unknown error conditions. Sociological Methods and Research, 35, 84-112.

Shelley, G. A., P. D. Killworth, H. R. Bernard, C. McCarty, E. C. Johnsen and R. E. Rice. Who knows your HIV status II: Information propagation within social networks of seropositive people. Human Organization, 65, 430-444.

McCarty, C. and P. D. Killworth. Impact of methods for reducing respondent burden on personal network structural measures. Social Networks, 29, 300-315.

Social Network Manuscripts in Unrefereed Journals

1975

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Some formal properties of social networks. Technical report #BK-105-75, to Office of Naval Research, code 452, contract N00014-73-A-0417-0001 117-949.

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. The Catij technique: some descriptive tests of its adequacy. Catalog of selected documents in Psychology, vol. 5, winter, p. 181.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. On the structure of affective and effective sociometric relations in a closed group over time. Technical report. Office of Naval Research.

1978

Killworth, P. D. and H. R. Bernard. A review of the small-world literature. Connections, 2, No. 1, 15-24.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Help?! Connections, 2, No. 1.

1979

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. The Catij technique. Connections, Bulletin of the International Network for Social Network Analysis, March.

1980

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Response to Hammer. Connections, 3, No 2.

Bernard, H. R. and P. D. Killworth. Does anyone know who's out there? CQ: 36(3), 58-59.

1981

Bernard, H. R., P. D. Killworth and L. D. Sailer. Summary of research on informant accuracy in network data, and on the reverse small world problem. Connections, 4(3).

1995

Brewer, D. D., C. McCarty, H. R. Bernard, P. D. Killworth, E. J. Johnsen and G. A. Shelley. No associative biases in the first name cued recall procedure for eliciting personal networks. Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Networks, London.

1997

Litchfield, G. (input from P. D. Killworth) In trouble again. Economist, 9 August.

2001

Solomon, B. (input from P. D. Killworth et al) Coping, or not, with the horror. National Journal, 13 Sept 2001, 2826-2828.

Plotz, D. (input from P. D. Killworth et al) Life's Odds and Sept. 11. No one I know personally was on the list. Why? Slate.com, 9 Oct. 2001.

2002

Carpenter, M. (input from P. D. Killworth et al) Are you average and know 290 people? Post-gazette.com, April 2, 2002.

2007

Appearance in 'The Human Footprint', Channel 4, April 26th.

International Meetings Organised

1982

Arctic ocean modelling (SCOR WG58/Comité Arctique) (Cambridge, U.K.)

1984

NATO Advanced Research Workshop: Water Mass formation in the upper ocean (Venice, Italy).

1989

German - U.K. Antarctic Modelling meeting, Oxford.

1996

Part of The Oceanography Society meeting, Amsterdam.

1998

Part of WOCE Modelling workshop, Boulder, Colorado.

1999

Overflow session, part of WOCE North Atlantic Workshop, Kiel.

Met Office - SOC - POL development of new ocean model meeting, SOC.

Talks given at conferences, reviews, etc. omitted for brevity.

Proposals

Natural Environment Research Council

GR3/08578 (with A. Willmott, Exeter). Deep convection and interbasin water

exchange in the world ocean. £213,058 1993.

GST/02/1012 Global Ocean Consortium £23,653 1994.

GST/02/1955 (with D. Smeed, SOC). The impact of in situ temperature and salinity data, and improved mean SSH fields on the assimilation of altimeter data in ocean models. £69889, 1997.

NER/T/S/2000/00319 An eddy-resolving coupled ocean-atmosphere model for climate research. £121,929, 2000.

NERC Consortium NER/T/S/2001/00866 (with K. Haines, Reading). GRID for Environmental Systems Diagnostics and Visualisation. £809090, 2001.

NER/T/S/2002/00450 (with P. C. Challenor). The probability of rapid climate change. £37464, 2002.

NER/T/S/2002/00459 (with C. Pain) Better understanding of Open Ocean Deep Convection (OODC) with reference to THC. £39484, 2003.

NE/C521036/1 (with C. Pain, D. Marshall) 'Next Generation' unstructured mesh ocean global circulation modelling. £339821, 2005.

European Community

MAST II Dynamics of North Atlantic Models (Dynamo) MAS2-CT93-0060 170,000 ecu (50% European funding).

MAST III TRACMASS MAS3-CT97-0142 939000 ecu (50% European funding).

Other proposals

Met. Office (Hadley Centre) Met 2a/0665 £670,000 1993.

CRAY Fellowship MS/D/12/54/01 £75,000 1993.

EPSRC GR/K47887 (with Dr. A. Hey, Soton) Global Ocean Consortium £50,362 1/11/94 + 1 yr extension, similar award. 1994.

Hadley Centre FS2/2040/12. Numerical modelling of dense and bottom outflows, £ 85883, 1996.

SOC Infrastructure fund, bid for 12-processor SGI Origin 2000 £100,000, 1999. (+£35,000 from Southampton University).

SOC TIF bid, improving ocean models at SOC, £37354, 2005.